Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimirovna Nikolayeva (1937- ), Russian cosmonaut and the first woman in space. Tereshkova was a textile worker and amateur parachutist when recruited into the Soviet cosmonaut training program in 1961. She orbited the earth 48 times in her successful Vostok 6 flight on June 16-19, 1963, worked thereafter as a goodwill ambassador, and later entered politics. Her marriage to another cosmonaut, Andrian Nikolayev in 1963 aroused interest because their child, born the following year, became the first offspring of parents who had been exposed to the space environment.
"Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimirovna Nikolayeva" Microsoft Encarta.
Copyright 1995 Microsoft Corporation.