From: United States: Michigan, Tennessee
Franklin, Aretha (Louise) (1942- ), American popular-music, soul, and rhythm-and-blues singer, praised for her great vocal capabilities and for the emotion and conviction she brings to her performances. Born in Memphis, Tennessee, Franklin spent most of her childhood in Detroit, Michigan, where her father was a well-known evangelist preacher and singer. She was greatly influenced by the gospel singers who visited his church. Franklin began her recording career in 1960. In 1967 her album I Never Loved a Man and five single records, including "Respect" and "I Never," each sold more than 1 million copies. She widened her audience with the albums Live at the Fillmore West (1971) and Young, Gifted and Black (1971), which appealed to fans of both popular music and rhythm and blues. Franklin has won many honors and awards, including a Grammy Legends Award (1991), a Kennedy Center Honors Award for lifetime achievement in the performing arts (1994), and a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (1994).
"Franklin, Aretha (Louise)" Microsoft Encarta.
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