Howe, Julia Ward (1819-1910), American author and reformer, born in New York City. She was associated with her husband, Samuel Gridley Howe, in his humanitarian work and in editing and contributing to the Boston Commonwealth, an antislavery paper. Inspired by a visit to a Union army camp during the American Civil War (1861-1865), Howe wrote the famous poem "Battle Hymn of the Republic," which, after publication in The Atlantic Monthly in 1862, immediately achieved great popularity as a song of the Civil War. After the war, Howe was active in the women's rights movement as a founder of both the New England Woman's Club and the Association for the Advancement of Women. She also headed the American branch of the Woman's International Peace Association. She was the first woman to be elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Howe's works include the Life of Margaret Fuller (1883), From Sunset Ridge: Poems Old and New (1898), and Reminiscences 1819-1899 (1899).